Charity Navigator, a site we’ve mentioned before as part of a repertoire of resources to seek out good charities always was somewhat limited in what it could offer because it concentrated on an important, but ultimately secondary element, the finances. But they’re now promising to tackle the larger and more difficult tasks of assessing “accountability/transparency and effectiveness/results.” They’re calling this new iteration Charity Navigator 2.0 The excellent Give Well currently works on the second goal, results and efficiency, but on a relatively small scale. And it’s still an open question what criteria Charity Navigator can use to judge effectiveness. Something utilitarian, like a dollars spent per life saved? And how can you have a system which judges Arts and Culture on the same scale as International Aid?
These are important questions for Charity Navigator to deal with, but this is heartening news all the same. Charity Navigator 2.0 will likely be a powerful tool by finally putting the focus on the outputs rather than the inputs.
The quest for transparency in charities has been an uphill battle. Unlike public companies, the forms that 501(c)3 charities submit are not necessarily all that thorough. They list their incoming and outgoing money, some compensation figures and they verify that they didn’t spend money on illegal activities like influencing political outcomes, but beyond that they don’t need to show the distribution or efficacy of funds.
And in point of fact getting even large and important organizations to show where they spend their money can be painfully difficult. Till Bruckner, a former coordinator at Transparency International Georgia chronicles his long and trying attempt to publicize the actual distribution of funds to Georgia following the 2008 war with Russia. At first TI Georgia requested directly from the aid organizations, but out of 12 organizations only Oxfam GB complied – the others citing “legal and contractual implication involving donors”. So he went to the donors: much of the money was coming directly from USAID; he filed a Freedom of Information Act request for data on USAID spending on NGOs in Georgia. However:
Six months later USAID informed me that it needed the consent of the NGOs to release this data as it might contain “confidential commercial information,” thereby closing the opacity loop: first NGOs had blamed donors for not being able to release budgets, and now the biggest donor was passing the buck back to NGOs.
There was more wrangling over the months to come, but in the end “one year after my original request for information, the budgets of US-funded NGOs in Georgia remain as elusive as ever.” With little incentive to release the data, red tape can easily leave those who distributed the money free from accountability and able to release information at their own pace and to their own liking.
But this isn’t the only side to the story. Because with increased academic scrutiny and the cheapness of information sites like AidData.org
have brought a new vitality and ease to transparency. In fact, AidData.org has such minute tracking of government money some seemingly embarrassing entries like this
“Recovery Assistance – Hunger Task Force – Sundries – Limousine for J Sachs” for which they paid $221.55. And the J Sacks in question? Jeffery Sacks, developmental economist and author of The End of Poverty
. To address a commentator’s point, and others’
I’ve read, this is not really such a big deal – limousine services needn’t actually be driving abnormally oblong cars but simply a car service. And there are other mitigating possibilities.
But the important thing here is not the trivial amount of money directed to a limousine service by Irish Aid but rather the massive amount of data that you can discover and expose. With a few clicks, I can find the entire history
of USAID’s donations to Georgia from 1994 – 2008 – 23 pages of carefully listed projects sortable by purpose, title, amount and so on. For every setback the fight for greater transparency faces, there are some victories to celebrate.
HT for AidData: Ryan Powers